The Myers Briggs personality test is based on the work of Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers. The development of the test occurred in the 1940s and itself was built upon the research performed by Carl Jung in the 1920s. The test is based on a series of questions that gather information on how a person usually responds and relates to various situations.
The answers to these questions are collated to determine the person’s personality type. Important insights can be gained by understanding personality types, such as potential career choices, better romantic and friendship links and paths to personal growth.
Tests that draw on this method sort people into one of sixteen different types which are organized by four pairs of opposite traits :
- Extraversion (E) and Introversion (I)
- Sensing (S) and Intuition (N)
- Thinking (T) and Feeling (F)
- Judging (J) and Perceiving (P)
One of each pair is taken and combined to create a 4-letter abbreviation for each personality type e.g. :
INFP: Introversion (I), Intuition (N), Feeling (F) and Perception (P)
ESTJ: Extraversion (E), Sensing (S), Thinking (T) and Judgment (J)
Everyone experiences both traits in each pair, but usually one is more dominant than the other in this personality test.
Extraverts are energized when in the company of other people. Extraverts like speaking their minds and thrive in social situations. They are usually popular and well-liked by other people. Extraverts may feel down and become drained if they’re not in the company of others for too long.
Introverted people are quiet, reserved, and more comfortable being alone. Introverts prefer to rely on themselves for entertainment rather than seeking interaction with others. They are usually self-sufficient and would rather work alone than in a group.
Sensing individuals place great emphasis on what they see, touch and experience in the real world. Prioritizing facts and practicality, they prefer not to deal with philosophical ideas or introspective ponderings. They would rather focus on what they can concretely experience with their senses.
Intuitive individuals put emphasis on imagination and ideas. They tend to prioritize introspection and dreaming and sometimes feel like they do not belong or live in the real world. Intuitive people are inward-focused and prefer living in their own heads. They tend to lean towards allusions, read between the lines, and analyze things in great depth.
Thinking individuals are objective, rational, and logical. Their decisions and actions are usually governed more by their minds than by their hearts. Feelings are not their main priority, and they can hide their emotions well. They prioritize facts over feelings.
Individuals with the Feeling trait care more about emotions and expressing them than what is deemed rational or logical. This does not mean that they are irrational but that they are more likely to express their emotions. Those who focus on feelings and expressions of emotion tend to be more open-minded, vocal, empathetic, and sensitive.
Those with the Judging trait tend to strategize and plan before they act. They prefer a thought-out plan to ‘going with the flow’. They are organized, reliable, responsible, and have very good work ethics. They are likely to commit to future plans but may forget to live in the present.
People who have the Perceiving trait value their sense of freedom. They do not want to be tied down to a specific activity or commitment. They are excellent at spotting new opportunities. They are good with improvisation, even in emergency situations. They take life as it comes and feel unhappy if forced to stick to a schedule.
Each whole personality type is more than the sum of its traits. In addition to each of the four main traits of each personality, further insights from the test emerge when the combination of those traits are taken into consideration.
For instance, a person with Thinking (T) and Intuition (N) will behave differently than someone with Thinking (T) and Sensing (S).
Take our quiz starting below to find out your Personality Type.